Latha and Viji confirmed that they are Indian, made in Shrinagar, sold at pilgrim centres and used as hair and neck ornaments. The price on the label is apparently about $2. It saddens me a bit to tell you I only paid $0.75 for them. That farmer at the flea market did not realise the true value...
To compensate for this I added them to my crazy quilt block and hope their beauty can be appreciated here.
Next to the former hair ornament I stitched a row of Buttonhole Half Wheels with Straight stitches and beads. I matched the colours of the thread to the ones in ornament.
Along the other seam and next to what used to be a neck ornament I made a row of Knotted Buttonhole stitches with Detached Chain stitches and some beads.