Tramming, or Tramé, is a technique where a thread is laid underneath the actual stitches. In a way it is Couching, but not for the purpose of fastening a fancy thread here and there.
Instead the tramming thread the stitches are used over is used to strengthening the stitching for cushions, seat covers etc and also to raise the stitches a bit from the fabric.
Many stitches can be trammed, maybe Half Stitch and Cross Stitch are the most common.
Mattia has supplied two French names:
- Point tramé and
- point de tissage
It is also a smart way to mark the design on cross stitch (so you don't need to refer to the chart) as shown in this article by Needlepoint Teacher.
I will, however, work this lesson in Elizabethan Half Stitch, and for clarity, on Aida:
Begin by stretching a thread from top to bottom.
Come out at the left,
make a half cross and
work your way up to the top
stretch the thread from top to bottom as before and continue in the same way upwards.
Sunday Stitch School Reference Chart
A border of Trammed Elizabethan Half Stitch on the linen